In the last decade, the popularity of the AWD [All-Wheel Drive] and 4WD [4-Wheel Drive] systems has risen like foam and brands have launched crossover SUVs to take advantage of the near-obsession with these types of vehicles, but it is not only SUVs that have contributed to this trend.
More and more cars are offering motor trains with all-wheel-drive systems, from central motor supercars to sports sedans and family cars. So why do ship owners use different terms? Isn’t AWD the same as 4WD? Let’s take a look at the different terms that are used and what each of them should mean.
4WD Total time or 4 × 4
The total time system works in the same way that its name suggests to us, delivering torque at all times to both axes and it is the driver who has several options at your fingertips to choose what type of operation you are looking for from the system according to the conditions of the pavement, speed, and weather.
This system is the original and also one of the least complex. As in the total time system, there are several options for the driver, and under normal conditions, the driving wheels are only two, usually the rear. All-wheel drive can be selected manually, mechanically with a lever or with an electronic knob. When the four-wheel drive is engaged, the torque is evenly divided into the four wheels.
All-Wheel Drive – AWD
In many ways, AWD systems are similar to 4 × 4 because the system also constantly sends torque to all four wheels, and although there is a central differential, there is no possibility to block it or the option to choose traction in two wheels if conditions do not merit sending power at four.
With that said, many modern SUVs are offered only with front-wheel drive, and with AWD systems in the top-of-the-range versions, as is the case with the Kia Sportage. Given the effectiveness of modern electronic traction and stability control systems, if you are going to buy a crossover as a substitute for a hatchback or sedan for the highest height relative to the ground, we recommend that you avoid overpaying to acquire and maintain an AWD system because In slippery conditions these modern electronic systems (ESP) are more than enough to help you keep control of the car.
Choose a 4WD or 4 × 4 system if you plan to leave the pavement to truly battered roads because having them never to use them means that your car will use more fuel, you will be paying more for a system that you will probably never use, that’s why many brands already They do not offer all-wheel drive in compact and subcompact SUVs.